Inthe Elementary Education Act made elementary education available for all children in England and Wales. Schools should not enter into cash back arrangements. The department recommends that governors have a formal uniform policy. The first written reference to a uniform for boys was in when the Archbishop of Canterbury mandated that students wear a robe-like outfit called the "cappa clausa. Elementary schools had no formal uniform, younger boys continued to wear comfortable knitted sweaters and flannel shorts. Schools developed distinguishing coloured stripes for blazers, sweaters, ties and caps, and their own unique blazer and cap badge.
The early twentieth-century schoolgirl was more confident.
School uniforms in England
Retrieved 28 January By means of a survey of over participants, the average cost of each item of 'required' school clothing was calculated. A study in found that secondary schools were more likely than primary schools to define compulsory items of clothing. Throughout the century girls generally did not wear a uniform. Subsequent to court rulings, governors are obliged to ensure the uniform is affordable.